Telling the story

Research on the long-term outcomes and value of GoBabyGo!

Researchers from the IU Department of Physical Therapy: Megan Siergiel, Mackenzie Wilson, and Peter Altenburger, Ph.D., PT

Investigators researched the long-term outcomes and perceived value of modified ride-on vehicles a child has received from a GoBabyGo program. This study primarily sought to identify the various ways the vehicle were used, estimated time of usage, quality of the modifications and what, if anything, had been damaged on the vehicle. Parents were also asked about their overall perceived value of the vehicle for their child.


  • Mobility is key for appropriate child development. In the early years of life, children develop physically, emotionally, and socially through play and exploration of their environment.1 Children with mobility difficulties may not develop these realms in the same way as their peers who are able to fully explore their environment.
  • In the United States, more than 1.5 million children experience difficulties with mobility from the time of birth and on.1 The cost of medical devices to assist children in achieving mobility are astronomical and difficult for families to afford. Cost is a significant barrier to purchasing the mobility devices children need to assist in achieving their therapeutic goals.
  • GoBabyGo is an organization created by Cole Galloway from the University of Delaware in 2007 in an effort to offer independent mobility to children with motor and cognitive delays at no cost to the family. GoBabyGo cars offer mobility in an enjoyable way for children to continue working on therapeutic goals and keep up with their peers.


Value of GoBabyGo Cars
Figure 4: This represents the data of 6 value-based Likert scaled questions with answer choices ranging from "Strongly Agree" to "Strongly Disagree." The percentages represent the number of respondents answering either "Strongly Agree" or "Agree."
Themes of subject responses’ on value-based open-ended questions
ThemeRepresentation of Theme

“My child is not yet mobile but is now able to explore and move around in the environment with the use of the GoBabyGo car.”


“My child feels accomplished by the ability to keep up with others. It has given him great independence.”


“The GoBabyGo car has made play time more enjoyable for my child and has helped her feel like she is just like any other kid.”

Peer Interaction

“The GoBabyGo car gave my child the ability to participate in a one-mile run with her friends and she is now able to play outside with her brother.”

Positive Self Image

"My child is so proud to drive his car and play with his siblings.”


“My child is improving his ability to control and manipulate the car around his environment which will lead to Medicaid paying for a power wheelchair for him.”


  • The results of the administered parent or caregiver-directed survey indicate GoBabyGo cars are beneficial for children with motor and cognitive delays.
  • 100 percent of respondents indicated they would recommend The GoBabyGo program to other families.
  • Overall, children benefitted greatly from the GoBabyGo cars. Specifically, improvements in outlook on life, interactions with peers, physical abilities, and cognition were reported (Figure 4).
  • Open-ended value-based questions provided insight on meaningful outcomes of GoBabyGo cars including improved activity, independence, opportunity, peer interaction, and self-image as well as serving as a therapeutic tool.